Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha was an Indian astrophysicist who made significant contributions to the study of stars and their spectra. He is known for developing the Saha equation, which explains the spectral lines observed in stars. In this article, we will explore his early life, education, professional life, and achievements.

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Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha was an Indian astrophysicist who made significant contributions to the study of stars and their spectra. He is known for developing the Saha equation, which explains the spectral lines observed in stars. In this article, we will explore his early life, education, professional life, and achievements.

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Early Life:

Born on October 6, 1893, in Shaoratoli village, Dhaka, which was then a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India (now Gazipur District, Bangladesh), Meghnad Saha’s journey began in a modest setting. His parents, Jagannath Saha, a grocer, and Bhubneshwari Devi, were part of a poor Bengali family. Despite early life struggles, his determination saw him through his education at Dhaka Collegiate School, Dhaka College, Presidency College, Kolkata, and Rajabazar Science College, CU. One notable event in his early life was his forced departure from Dhaka Collegiate School due to his participation in the Swadeshi movement, reflecting his spirit of activism from a young age.

Parents’ Name and Family:

Meghnad Saha was born to Jagannath Saha and Bhubneshwari Devi. Despite his humble background, he managed to make a mark in the field of astrophysics, becoming a globally recognized figure.

Personal Life:

Saha was an atheist and maintained close relationships with his peers such as Satyendra Nath Bose, Jnan Ghosh, and Jnanendra Nath Mukherjee. He also shared a deep bond with Amiya Charan Banerjee later in his life. His personal journey was not devoid of hardship; he faced caste-based discrimination at Eden Hindu Hostel, where upper-caste students objected to his sharing the same dining hall with them.

Professional Life:

Saha’s professional life was marked by several significant contributions to astrophysics. His research into the thermal ionisation of elements led him to formulate the Saha equation, which became a critical tool in the interpretation of the spectra of stars. This led to a deeper understanding of the ionization state of various elements that constitute stars. He also held prestigious positions, such as a professor at Allahabad University (1923-1938), and Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Calcutta.

Furthermore, Saha was instrumental in the establishment of several scientific institutions, including the Physics Department at Allahabad University and the Institute of Nuclear Physics in Calcutta. He also launched the journal ‘Science and Culture,’ serving as its editor until his demise.

Awards and Recognitions:

Among his many achievements, Meghnad Saha was elected to the Parliament of India in 1952, representing Calcutta. He was also awarded the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1927, and presided over the 21st session of the Indian Science Congress in 1934.

Salary and Net Worth:

While no concrete details are available on Meghnad Saha’s salary or net worth, it’s evident that his contributions to the field of astrophysics and his role in Indian politics and education have left a lasting legacy.

Age:

Meghnad Saha passed away on February 16, 1956. At the time of his death, he was 62 years old.

In conclusion, Meghnad Saha, despite his humble beginnings and challenges, emerged as an influential figure in the field of astrophysics, leaving a lasting legacy. His journey serves as an inspiration for many, showcasing the power of resilience, determination, and dedication to one’s passion.

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