According to government estimates, there are anywhere between 37 million to 118 million Indian farmers in the country, as per various definitions of the word. In general, these are people who grow crops. Definitions do vary, with various parameters including cultivators to number of holdings. India's National Policy for Farmers 2007 defines the Indian farmer as "a person actively engaged in the economic and / or livelihood activity of growing crops and producing other primary agricultural commodies" and includes all holderse, cultivators, agricultural labourers, sharecroppers. It also includes those who rear livestock and poultry, those involved with fisheries, beekeepers, garders, pastoralists, sericulture, vermiculture and agro-forestry.
Tribal families and those who do shifting cultivation as well as collectors and sellers of timber and non-timber forest produce are all included under the broad term, 'Indian farmer'. In India, farming is a unique blend of technology and tradition, indigenous methods, and global influences. Indian farmers are making their mark, in terms of top-quality produce and promoting a lifestyle that the corporatized world is now seeking.
Indian farmers FAQS
How many farmers are there in India?
Government data records show anywhere between 37 million and 118 million, depending on the various definitions.
Who is the number 1 farmer in India?
Many Indian farmers have been very successful, so much so that city folk quit their jobs to take up farming as well. For example, there is Pramod Gautam, a former automobile engineer, who earns a crore a year through his innovative cultivation methods, which he developed after he became a farmer in 2006. Another successful farmer is Guda Kamatwan, who adopted high-tech Israeli farming techniques to irrigate the deserts of Rajasthan, where he now grows wheat and paddy.
Which country's farmers are rich?
The United States, China, India and Russia are the top agrarian producers in the world for major cereal and vegetable crops.
How big is the agricultural sector in India?
India has remained an agrarian society after independence, and is the main source of national income as well as occupation. In 1947, Indian farmers accounted for 72 percent of the total working population.
Which state in India has the most farmers?
Uttar Pradesh is India's top farming state, with considerable state-level crop production including bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains and many others. It ranks first among India's wheat-producing states, ahead of Haryana, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh.
Can I become a farmer in India?
You must have existing farm land in your name or you must show proof of being related to a farmer of show proof of being an agri worker on a a farmer. Buying agricultural land in any state across the country may not be possible because every state has its own rules in regard to purchase of agricultural land.
Who is the richest farmer in India?
Sachin Kale is known as the wealthiest Indian farmer. His company helps around 137 farmers, who work across 200 acres of land. His annual turnover is around Rs 2 crore.
Which crop is grown most in India?
Sugar cane is the most produced food commodity in India, followed by rice and wheat.
What is India famous for producing?
India is the world's largest producer of milk, pulses and jute and ranks as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton. It is also one of the leading producers of spices, fish, poultry, livestock and plantation crops
Which are India's cash crops?
Indian farmers take to the cultivation of sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute and oilseeds, all lucrative cash crops. Cotton is one of the most important cash crops in the country.
What problems are faced by Indian farmers?
Farmers have been on the boil for several years. More than half of Indians work on farms but farming accounts for barely one-sixth of the country's GDP. Declining productivity and lack of modernisation have impeded growth.
How much do farmers earn India?
The average salary for a farmer is Rs 20,865 per month.
Which fruits are most produced in India?
The country ranks first in the production of bananas, papayas and mangoes (including mangosteens and guavas). These offer Indian farmers great export opportunities and in 2020-21, the country exported fruits and vegetables worth Rs. 9,940.95 crores/ $1.342 billion.