mongols speaking malayalam

Mongols speaking Malayalam – What a sunken ship says about South India & China’s medieval ties: The Print

(This article first appeared in the The Print on September 8, 2022)

  • We often think of industrialisation, consumerism and global trade as very ‘modern’ phenomena. The terms conjure up images of conveyor belts, assembly lines, factories churning out smoke, and bustling cities. Many of these aspects, however, could already be seen in China and across the Indian Ocean by the 9th and 10th centuries…

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