How Indo-Persian, the language of cosmopolitan India for six centuries, fell into decline

This Article First Appeared In The Scroll On Dec 4, 2022

The first early modern text to assert that Hinduism is a monotheistic faith, not polytheistic, and helped launch the Brahmo Samaj is a little-read book by Bengali reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy titled Tuhfatul Muwahhidin (Gift to the Monotheists), published in 1804. The book influenced groups like the Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj and played a key role in shaping present-day Hinduism.

Similarly, an important part of Sikh scripture is Guru Gobind Singh’s epistle to Mughal emperor Aurangazeb, the Zafarnama.

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