How centuries of self-isolation turned Japan into one of the most sustainable societies on Earth – The Conversation

(This article first appeared in The Conversation on August 9, 2022) 

  • At the start of the 1600s, Japan’s rulers feared that Christianity – which had recently been introduced to the southern parts of the country by European missionaries – would spread. In response, they effectively sealed the islands off from the outside world in 1603, with Japanese people not allowed to leave and very few foreigners allowed in. This became known as Japan’s Edo period, and the borders remained closed for almost three centuries until 1868…

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